Vitamin A (as natural beta carotene) is derived from the plant pathogen, Blakeslea trispora.
Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) is derived from lanolin from sheep's wool.
Vitamin E (as d-alpha tocopheryl succinate and mixed tocopherols) derived from soy and succinic acid (no soy allergens or proteins remain in the finished product).
Vitamin K2 (as menaquinone-7) is derived from fermentation of natto (soybeans – no soy allergens remain in the finished product).
The vitamin A (as retinyl palmitate), thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12 (as hydroxocobalamin and adenosylcobalamin), biotin, zinc, pantothenic acid, selenium, manganese, chromium, molybdenum, and boron are synthetic.
The SOD (superoxide dismutase) is derived from melon extract Cucumis melo.
Iodine is derived organic Icelandic kelp, Laminaria digitate.
Lutein is derived from marigold flower, Tagetes erecta.
The BioPQQ® pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt is derived via microbial fermentation.